Abstract: This paper untangles and utilizes the historical materials of The History of the Three Kingdoms: The Book of Shu to describe one core and three main aspects of the Shu Han Liu’s Group in Govering Shu area in the Three Kingdoms period. The core is reviving the Han dynasty and returning to the old capital. The first aspect includes six basic points, namely possessing the Zhou of Jing and Yi, uniting Sun Wu eastwardly, combating Cao Wei northwardly, making friends with Rong westward, appeasing Yi and Yue southwardly and improving the work of governing the country. The second aspect includes seven successful practices of governing Shu area, namely making the Shu people get together with one target, governing the Shu by law, changing the Shu with incorrupt government, strengthening the Shu with stabilization, enriching the Shu by developing its economy, prospering the Shu with talents and making the Shu stable with good-neighbourliness. The third aspect is the gains and loss of governing Shu area that is
Abstract：Shu merchants in the Western Han Dynasty, through their active business activities, sold the Shu commodity not only throughout the country, but also Southeast Asia, South Asia and Central Asia, making remarkable achievements, and great attention has always been paid by historians. Shu merchants’ achievements are mainly reflected in the following aspects: as a model of business prosperity, Shu merchants in the Western Han Dynasty made great business achievements; Shu merchants’ business scope includes industrial and commercial activities, and the metallurgical industry as a leader, promoted the conomic development in the southwestern region and the formation of the Southwest regional business circle, and played an important role in the development of the southwestern region; Shu merchants created a miracle on foreign trade and cultural exchange, etc. The interaction of the geographical environment and resources of the Shu area, the development of the Bashu area during the Qin and Han Dynasties, the ma
Abstract: Both in the Three Kingdoms and the Five Dynasties，the northern regime and the southern regime drastically fought for the Shu Roads. In the Three Kingdoms period，the Wei State and the Shu State both declared their legitimism and fought for the Shu Roads，during which the story that Zhuge Liang fought in Qishan six times was popular among people．In the Five Dynasties，all the pre-Shu regime，the post-Shu regime and Li Maozhen regime attempted to occupy Hanzhong. Comparisons of the Shu Roads in these two periods tell us that in the Three Kingdoms period，the Shu Roads were employed evenly，in the Five Dynasties the Gudao and the Jinniu Road were used more often，which reflected the integration of social background and specially natural geography． Key words: the Three Kingdoms; the Five Dynasties; the Shu Roads; military geography The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Hubei University of Arts and Science, 2017(01).
Abstract: Since the layout of "Shu Road Protection and Appreciation Guangyuan Consensus" in 2011, under the active support and promotion of the CPPCC and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, Shu Road cultural road protection and inscription work under the framework of the "Cultural Line Charter", especially China's Silk Road and the Grand Canal two cultural lines is through this charity highlights the cultural line of the "universal value", was successfully included in the World Heritage list, and also has a "cultural line universal value" of the Shu Road also has the potential of the inscription, causing widespread concern in the community, Shu Road along the provinces to Shu Road protection, research, display and use rose to the government objectives to the deployment and implementation of the government at all levels of the heritage management unit Putting forward new research, protection and management issues. This paper discusses the research and protection process of Shu Road, discusses from t
Abstract: The origin and inheritance of Li Bai’s “The difficult Shu Road” is one of the important subjects of Li Bai’s cultural studies. On the basis of its geography and the concerned traffic development, the poem “The difficult Shu Dao” is originated from the traditional concept of regional identity “shu", and certainly footnotes the history of transportation development. Keywords: Li Bai, The difficult Shu Dao, Shu, Shu Dao The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Mianyang Teachers’ College, 2017(10).
Abstract: Natural environment and climate may affect its inhabitants，the writer’s writing is always marked by his regional culture，and the perspective of literary geography is a key to understand Liang Ping’s thought and writing. From the book of poetry published in 2005，“Ba and Shu: The Two Duet”，Liang Ping’s poetry has a regional cultural color which will be concentrated on the show. Chongqing and Sichuan，Ba and Shu，these two places’culture of blood was put into (the poet) Liangping’s poems with their own features，becoming a dual home of his poetic habitation，which is reflected clearly in “The Deep Breath”. When he wrote about Bashu，he presented in densely poetic text with historical landscape，historical events and historical figures，it is not just mechanical duplicate or simple repetition，but (more sensitive thinking individual) a spiritual communication and dialogue between icy poet and multi-faceted historical( existence a spiritual communication and conversation history) of the past and the present made
Abstract: As a kind of memorial buildings, the honorific arch is the materialized form of feudal ethics and rites. It was closely related with people either in its construction of in its final presentation. The feudal ruling class was the determiners of building such honorific arches as well as the sponsors together with arch owners, their families, squires and guilds. The ruling class and the folk people chose the themes of such arches and then they formed the artistic verbal repertoire from which the folk artisans selected deeds. And finally the form with the art preaching and both refined and popular tastes came into being. Key words: Bashu; honorific arches; art; social classes; acceptance; education. The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Neijiang Normal University, 2017(01).
Abstract: Inspired by “spatial transfer of social critique”, the article analyzes the changes of academic discourse in Kang area in recent years, and probes into its spatial significance. The article holds that the traditional narration of “bordering area”, with politics or governing as the main string of analysis, focus on the interpretation of horizontal Chinese-Tibetan see-saw space. The proposal of Tibetan-Yi corridor and ancient tea-horse road, and the advocating of “study of road” in recent years, show that the academic discourse in recent years has the theoretical orientation to redefine the spatial connotation of Kang area. With the proposal of Tibetan-Yi corridor, the original “marginal” Tibetan-Chinese space is redefined as “central” space of multiple nationalities migration and interaction, the original interaction subject of power relationship has been replaced. The reappearing of “ancient tea-horse road” has introduced the folk communication and shaken the original interpretation framework with T
Abstract: For decades, developmentalism sweep across China. The minority areas in the border of China are experiencing a profound social and cultural change process. The Qiang people，mainly live in the plateau and mountain areas of the northwest of Sichuan Province，is a good example. Based on the field study in two villages with Qiang people，this paper found that local people have generally accepted the concept of“development”existed in the national mainstream ideology. In addition，they not only made a lot innovations，but also practiced by themselves to translate ideas into practice. Through the local people’s “history of ideas”，we can see， the ideological propaganda of modern state and the changes in physical life brought about by market economy jointly push them to accept the “development”. This implies the logic of practice，but also full of uncertainties. The transformation process of social psychology is an important dimension of social changes of Qiang. Key words: Development; The Qiang people; the h
Abstract: The principal tenets of Shuxue consist of a belief system based on the concepts of sancai huang (the “three-power sovereigns”) and wuse di (“five-colored emperors”); the metaphysical concepts of yin-yang, sancai (Three Powers), and wuxing (Five Elements); the core values of dao-de-ren-yi-li (the Way, virtue, benevolence, righteousness, and rites); the system of classics evolving from the Seven Classics, to the Thirteen Classics, and to the Eighteen Classics; and the ethical precept of xiao-ti (filial piety and fraternal affections). The present paper attempts to make an in-depth inquiry into the intellectual spirit of Shuxue, an evaluation of its contributions to Confucianism, and a suggestion of its advancement in the future. It will shed light on the development of traditional Chinese culture by inheriting the Shuxue spirit of tolerance and innovation, reinterpreting Confucian classics, and constructing a system of New Shuxue. Key words: Shuxue, Confucianism, principal spirit, core concept The Chi
Abstract: According to the analysis on the current situation of agriculture development and the restricting factors for eco-agriculture in Sichuan Tibetan region, the paper finds out the existing drawbacks, and puts forward the countermeasures of adhering to the ecological priority for sustainable development, highlighting the unique features by taking the dislocation development, making scientific and reasonable layout based on the local conditions, improving the quality and effectiveness to upgrade the products, combining agriculture with tourism so as to promote the coordinated development for industries, which also provides a theoretical basis for the eco-agriculture development in Sichuan Tibetan region. Key words：Sichuan Tibetan region; eco-agriculture; restricting factors; countermeasures The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Shanxi Agricultural Sciences, 2017(04).
Abstract: The Tibetan-Yi Corridor as a concept related to its history and ethnic regions refers to the important passageway for transportation and exchanges between the ethnic groups in northwest China and those in southwest China，where a diversity of ethnic cultures have emerged in its long history． The ethnic groups there have been subject to the influence of Tibetan Buddhism．This paper focuses on the analysis of the interactive relations between Tibetan Buddhism and the local ethnic communities through a case study at Yongning Township in Lijiang City of Yunnan province．As revealed by the research results，Tibetan Buddhism has been the main religion in Yongning and has gradually become an important part of the community culture of the ethnic groups through interactions with the local economy，life and culture．To some extent，Tibetan Buddhism serves as a symbol for the typical ethnic culture and a sense of belonging in the local community and helps to maintain the unity of the ethnic groups along the Tibetan-Y
Abstract: Silk is an important symbol of civilization. It is the Chinese basic culture, after a long history of development, and gradually progress to the formation of civilization products. China is the originator of silk civilization. It is produced with the origin of Chinese civilization and the formation of the process of synchronization, but also multi-source. As the origin of Chinese civilization for the unity of the formation of the same pattern of Sky, silk civilization as early as the Neolithic Age there are several different origins of the region. Sichuan is also an important source of diverse silk civilizations. Since the Han and Tang dynasties, Sichuan, because of Shu Xiu,Shu Jin, lacquerware and other characteristics of merchandise trade and become an unique bright spot on the Silk Road. Historical experience has proved that Sichuan is inseparable from the Silk Road; the Silk Road is also inseparable from Sichuan. Today, "One Belt and One Road" national strategy system, Sichuan will also have a u
Abstract: Khampa literature，as a special genre characterized by its writing background，is rooted in Khampa Tibetan region and it mainly reflects the daily life there．Nature writing has been the distinctive feature of it，in which the rich ecological consciousness and the naturalized narrative mode have formed their own way of writing．The reason is that people in Khampa have a firm belief in Buddhism and they worship nature． Key words: Khampa literature; nature writing; causes The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Sichuan Minzu College, 2017(02).