Abstract: For a long time, the naming of the Sanxingdui site in Guanghan, Sichuan Province, as well as the naming of the Sanxingdui Culture and other related cultural remains, has been the subject of many controversies in Chinese academia. From the initial classiﬁcation as one cultural type to the subsequent division into two to four archaeological cultures, the remains of the pre-Qin period at the site of Sanxingdui have undergone a process of integration and recognition. Based on a systematic overview of the research history, the author re-examines the relevant archaeological periodization and genealogical studies from the perspective of identifying the "Bronze Age." The main argument is that the early remains of the Sanxingdui Culture belong to the Neolithic but not the Bronze Age. The eight artifact pits in the ritual area of the Sanxingdui site are the earliest known remains of the Bronze Age in the Chengdu Plain, which, according to current knowledge, are dated no earlier than 3200 years ago. Therefore, the proposal of isolating the early remains of the original Sanxingdui Culture as an independent archaeological culture, the "Yueliangwan Culture," is appropriate. In addition, it can be argued that the artifact pits at the ritual area of Sanxingdui site that were originally classiﬁed as the Sanxingdui Culture, along with the remains of the ritual area at the Jinsha site in Chengdu, Sichuan Province that were originally classified as the Shierqiao Culture, are successive and possess the same knowledge system and value system. Therefore, it is reasonable to consider it the earliest bronze civilization in the Chengdu Plain and thus name it as "Sanxingdui-Jinsha Culture."
Key Words：Sanxingdui site, Sanxingdui Culture, The naming of archaeological culture, Bronze Age, Chengdu Plain
The Chinese version appeared in Sichuan Cultural Relics ,(06),2022.