A seminar on West Liaohe culture, co-sponsored by the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Cultural Relics Bureau of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, was held in Tongliao city on August 21st. Nearly 50 experts and scholars from various provinces attended the conference to discuss the origin and development of Chinese civilization.
The West Liaohe River Basin, the Yellow River basin and the Yangtze River basin are both important birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Through the efforts of archaeologists, a complete cultural pedigree has been constructed in this basin. Among them, Hongshan culture and Yangshao culture in the Yellow River basin, Lingjiatan culture and Liangzhu culture in the Yangtze River basin all played an important role in the origin and formation of Chinese civilization. Tongliao is an important region in the West Liaohe River basin, where the farming culture of the central plains, the northern grassland culture and the fishing and hunting culture of the Northeast converge, promoting the exchange and integration of the regional culture, and many sites in the territory have been selected as "Ten New Archaeological Discoveries in the Country" and "New Archaeological Discoveries in China". At the seminar, experts and scholars compared and analyzed the key characteristics of the cultures in the three great rivers and their possible interactions from the aspects of pottery types, jade and ritual, agricultural origins, settlement forms, etc., to explore the origin and development process of Chinese civilization.
Translated by Zhou Mengjiao