The 9th Marxist Theoretical Forum on Contemporary Chinese History, co-sponsored by the Institute of Contemporary China of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Dalian University of Technology and the National History Society of the People's Republic of China, was recently held in Dalian, Liaoning Province. The theme of this year's forum is "The Status of the National Economic Plan in the history of New China - Commemorating the 70th Anniversary of the implementation of the First Five-Year Plan". Nearly 50 experts and scholars from Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Development Research Center of The State Council, Tsinghua University, Renmin University of China, Central University of Finance and Economics, Dalian University of Technology and other research institutes attended the meeting.
In order to transform the country from a backward agricultural country into an advanced industrial country, China began to carry out the first five-year plan for the development of our national economy in 1953. The draft plan, which began in 1951, was supplemented and revised for nearly four years and finally adopted by the second session of the First National People's Congress in July 1955. After five years of hard work by the whole Party and the people of the whole country, by the end of 1957, all the targets of the first five-year Plan had been substantially exceeded, and China's industrial production capacity and technical level had made a big step forward and remarkable achievements had been made, laying the foundation for later industrialization, especially the foundation of human and technical resources.
The participating experts and scholars pointed out that the economic construction during the "First Five-Year Plan" period is an important chapter of the people under the leadership of the CPC to build New China from a backward agricultural country to an advanced industrial country. The formulation and implementation of the first five-year plan adhered to the scientific layout based on China's national conditions, and accumulated experience for China's socialist industrialization. Through hard work, China has formed an independent and complete industrial system and national economic system, produced a large number of backbone enterprises that support China's industrial foundation, laid the technical foundation for socialist construction, and accumulated rich experience in the Party's leadership of economic work.
They said that history tells us that using the five-year plan to guide economic and social development is an institutional arrangement that suits China's national conditions and demonstrates its institutional advantages. From the first Five-Year Plan to the 14th Five-Year Plan, the consistent theme has been to build China into a modern socialist country. The year 2023 marks the 70th anniversary of the implementation of the "First Five-Year Plan" and is also a key year for the "14th Five-Year Plan".At this special time node, to study the national economic plan and sum up its historical experience aimed at providing spiritual encouragement and intellectual support for the healthy development of the socialist market economy, the steady construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the successful realization of the Party's second centenary goal. Under the new historical conditions, we must firmly grasp the primary task of high-quality development, adhere to and improve the basic socialist economic system, unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, unswervingly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, give full play to the decisive role of the market in allocating resources, and better play the role of the government. We will implement the new vision for development, build a new development pattern, and promote common prosperity throughout all aspects of economic and social development, and comprehensively advance the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation through Chinese-style modernization.
Translated by Zhou Mengjiao]]> 2023-09-11 02:38