The War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea


2022-08-15 12:00

Institute of Military Research, Academy of Military Science


Title: The War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea

ISBN: 9787119108933

Press: Foreign Languages Press

Compiled by Institute of Military Research, Academy of Military Science

Translated by Department of Foreign Military Studies, Academy of Military Science


Volume I

Chapter One

The Situation and Tasks After the Founding of the People’s Republic of China 1

The Domestic Situation When the PRC Was Founded and the Tasks ofthe People’s Government 3

The Third Plenary Session of the 7th CPC Central Committee Estimating Fundamental Improvement of Finance and Economic Situation in Three Years 8

The Missions of the People’s Liberation Army 11

Chapter Two

The Korean Civil War Broke Out 15

The Origin of the 38th Parallel 17

Different Policies of the US and the Soviet Union on the Korean Issue and the Establishment of Two Governments in South and North Korea 25

The Struggle and Military Preparation Focusing on the Issue of Unification of South and North Korea 39

The Korean Civil War Broke Out 45

Chapter Three

US Armed Invasion of Korea and Taiwan and the Internationalization of the Korean War 51

US Policy Toward Korea and Taiwan Before the Korean Civil War 53

The US Armed Intervention of the Korean Civil War and Aggression of Taiwan 61

The Formation of US-Lead UN Forces and the Internationalization of the Korean War 74

Chapter Four

The Position and Peaceful Diplomatic Efforts of the Chinese Government 85

Position of the Chinese Government After the Outbreak of the Korean War 87

Diplomatic Efforts Made by the Chinese Government to Solve the Korean Issue Peacefully 92

Chapter Five

China Deciding to Establish the Northeast Frontier Force Based on Forethought 99

The Analysis and Decision Making on the National Security Situation by the CPC Central Committee 101

Adjusting the National Defense Deployment and Establishing the Northeast Frontier Force 111

Build-up of the Northeast Frontier Force and Adjustment of Command Relationship 119

Strengthening the Northeast Frontier Force and Deploying the Second-line and Third-line Forces 129

Chapter Six

The Korean War Was Stalemated and the US Aircraft Outrageously Attacked Chinese Towns Along Northeast Border 135

Korean People’s Army Marching Southward and Swiftly Liberating Vast Areas of South Korea 137

US Troops Holding Fast to Pusan Perimeter and the Korean War Being Stalemated 146

US Aircraft Intruding into Chinese Airspace and Attacking Towns and Villages on Northeastern Border 154

Chapter Seven

War Preparation of the Northeast Frontier Force 159

Mobilization and Deployment at the Shenyang Military Conference 161

Political Mobilization and Education 167

Military Training 172

Reorganization and Equipment Adjustment 181

Logistical Support and Material Preparation 190

Chapter Eight

The US Troops Landing at Inchon and the War Situation Reversed 197

The US Troops Landing at Inchon 199

The US Army Launching All-Round Counterattacks and the KPA Switching to Strategic Retreat 210

Suggestions of the CPC to North Korea After the US Landing at Inchon 217

Chapter Nine

The US Ground Troops Crossing the 38th Parallel and Advancing Northward in an Attempt to Occupy the Whole Korea 225

The US Government Deciding to Cross the 38th Parallel and Occupy the Whole Korea 227

The Chinese Government Warning the US Not to Cross the 38th Parallel and Expand the War 240

The US Manipulating the UN to Pass the Illegal Resolution and the US Ground Troops Crossing the 38th Parallel to Invade North Korea 248

Chapter Ten

Korea Requesting China to Provide Military Assistance and the CPC Central Committee Deciding to Resist US Aggression and

Aid Korea and Defend China 257

The Workers’ Party of Korea and North Korean Government Requesting the Soviet Union and China to Provide Direct Military Assistance 259

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee Deciding to Establish the CPVs to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea and Safeguard China 268

Consultation Between China and the Soviet Union on Sending Troops to Aid Korea 290

Chapter Eleven

China’s Deployment and Preparations for the Victory of the Korean War 303

The CPC Central Committee’s Judgment on the Development of Situation After the CPVs Joining the War 305

Adjustment of the Priority of Army Building and Preparations of Air Defense and Coastal Defense 308

Making War Plans in Korea and Three-Year Development Plans for the Arms and Forces and Asking for the Soviet Assistance in

Weaponry and Equipment 316

Northeast Administrative Region Serving as the General Rear Base for the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 320

Adjusting Fiscal Policies for the War in Korea 325

Accelerating the Elimination of Bandits, Implementation of Land Reform and Suppressing Counter-Revolutionaries 328

The Movement to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea 335

Chapter Twelve

The Chinese People’s Volunteers Advancing to the Korean Battlefield 341

The Mobilization and Preparation of the CPVs Before Joining Battle 343

The Initial Operational Plan of the CPVs 353

The Education on Policies and Discipline of Overseas Operations by the CPVs 359

The CPVs Advancing to Korea to Kick Off the War to Resist US

Aggression and Aid Korea 365

Chapter Thirteen

The Battlefield Situation at the Time of CPVs Entry into Korea and the Change of Original Operational Plan 373

The CPVs Entering the Korean Battlefield in Battle Stance 375

The Battlefield Situation at the Time of the CPVs Entry into Korea 379

The Strength and Equipment of the Belligerent Sides at the Time of the CPVs Entry into Korea 387

The UN Forces Moving Northward to the Sino-Korean Borders; the CPVs Deciding to Wipe Out the Enemy One by One in Movement 395

Mao Zedong’s Determination to Strive for Every Possible Victory on the Basis of Certainty and Reliability 402

Chapter Fourteen

The First Campaign 407

The CPVs Seizing Opportunities to Win the First Campaign 409

The War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea Beginning and the First Campaign Kicking Off 420

The CPVs Separately Annihilating the Enemy Advancing Rashly 425

The CPVs Dealing a Heavy Blow to the US 1st Cavalry Division in the Battle of Unsan 438

The US 8th Army in Full Retreat; the CPVs Main Force Pushing Forward to Chongchon River 453

On the Eastern Front the CPVs Blocking and Preventing the US 10th Corps from Moving Northward and Westward 463

Chapter Fifteen

The Domestic and Oversea Views About China’s Military Action in Korea 473

The Xinhua News Agency’s First Report of the CPVs Entering the War and a Multi-Party Joint Declaration Issued 475

Countries in the Pro-Democracy Camp and Peace-Loving People Expressing Support for the CPVs Action 480

The US Government’s Slander Against the CPVs and the Chinese Government’s Refutation 484

Chapter Sixteen

The UN Forces Deciding to Launch an All-Out Offensive and the CPVs Deployment Fundamentally Reversing

the Korean War Situation 489

Judgments and Decisions of the US Government About Objectives of the CPVs Entering the Korean War 491

The Plan and Preparations of an All-Out Offensive of the UN Forces 504

The CPVs Guideline for the Second Campaign 512

The CPVs Preparation for the Second Campaign 522

The CPVs Successfully Luring the Enemy to the Predetermined Battlefields 528

Chapter Seventeen

Operations on the Western Front in the Second Campaign 541

The CPVs Deployment of Counteroffensives on the Western Front in the Second Campaign 543

The CPVs Making a Breakthrough by Wiping Out the Majoirty of the South Korean 7th and 8th Divisions in the Battles of Tokchon and Nyongwon 549

The CPVs Encircling the US 9th Corps from Three Directions by Outflanking to the Rear and Mounting Frontal Assaults 559

The CPVs Inflicting Heavy Casualties on the US 9th Corps in the Battle of the Chongchon River 573

Chapter Eighteen

Operations on the Eastern Front in the Second Campaign and the CPVs Bringing the Offensive to a Successful End 585

The CPVs Deployment of Counterattacks on the Eastern Front 587

The CPVs 9th Formation Separating and Encircling US Forces in the Changjin Reservoir Area 595

In the Battle at Sinhungri, CPVs Forces Wiping Out RCT-31 of the US 7th Division 602

The CPVs Annihilating the Ace US 1st Marine Division Through Encirclement, Pursuit, Blocking and Interception 609

The UN Forces Retreating in Defeat to Areas South of the 38th Parallel and the CPVs Forces Successfully Ending the Second Campaign 621

Chapter Nineteen

Major Victory of the Chinese People on the Diplomatic Front 635

The Chinese Government Requesting the UN Security Council to Discuss the Proposal Concerning US Aggression Against Taiwan 637

The Chinese Representative Accusing the US of Its Aggression Crime at the UNSC 649

Chapter Twenty

Decision to Foil US Attempt to Play with “Ceasefire” 659

Nuclear Intimidation of the US President and Talks Between Heads of the US and Britain 661

The US “Ceasefire” Plot and the Chinese Foreign Minister’s Statement 672

Mao Zedong’s Analysis of the War Situation and His Decisions 682

Establishment of the Sino-Korean United Command 691

Chapter Twenty-One

The Third Campaign 697

Defeatist Sentiments of the UN Forces and Its Deployment After Retreating to the 38th Parallel 699

Deployment and Preparations of the CPVs and KPA Forces 704

Breaking Through the Established Positions of the UN Forces at the 38th Parallel 715

Pursuing the Enemy and Occupying Seoul 723

Closing In on the 37th Parallel and Calling Off the Battle in Good Time 728

Appendix I: Tables of Organization Order 1-8 735

Index 747

Proper Nouns 747

Personal Names 749

Place Names 752



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